Development and implementation of a national quality improvement skills curriculum for urology residents in the United Kingdom: A prospective multi-method, multi-center study

Elena Pallari, Zarnie Khadjesari, James S. A. Green, Nick Sevdalis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Surgical quality improvement (QI) is a global priority. We report the design and proof-of concept testing of a QI skills curriculum for urology residents. Methods: ‘Umbrella review’ of QI curricula (Phase-1); development of draft QI curriculum (Phase-2); curriculum review by Steering Committee of urologists (Attendings & Residents), QI and medical education experts and patients (Phase-3); proof-of-concept testing (Phase-4). Results: Phase-1: Six systematic reviews were identified of 4,332 search hits. Most curricula are developed/evaluated in the USA; use mixed teaching methods (incl. didactic, QI exercises & self-reflection); and introduce core QI techniques (e.g., Plan-Do-Study-Act). Phase-2: curriculum drafted. Phase-3: the curriculum was judged to represent state-of-the-art, relevant QI training. Stronger patient involvement element was incorporated. Phase-4: the curriculum was delivered to 43 urology residents. The delivery was feasible; the curriculum implementable; and a knowledge-skills-attitudes evaluation approach successful. Conclusion: We have developed a practical QI curriculum, for further evaluation and national implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-243
Number of pages11
JournalThe American Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
Early online date13 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019


  • quality improvement
  • curriculum
  • education
  • urology

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