Development and in vitro testing of a new method of urine preparation for retrograde ejaculation; the Liverpool solution

Thomas R. Aust, Stephanie Brookes, Stephen A. Troup, William D. Fraser, D. Iwan Lewis-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)


Liverpool solution can be used in any unit treating couples with RE, and it is a noninvasive and inexpensive regimen that may optimize urine pH and osmolarity for sperm survival after RE.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-891
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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