People with diabetes account for nearly one-fifth of all inpatients in English and Welsh hospitals; of these, up to 90% are admitted as an emergency. Most are admitted for a reason other than diabetes with only 8% requiring admission for a diabetes-specific cause. Healthcare professionals working in emergency departments experience numerous clinical challenges, notwithstanding the need to know whether each individual with diabetes requires urgent admission. This document has been developed and written by experts in the field, and reviewed by the parent organizations of the Joint British Diabetes Societies for Inpatient Care-Diabetes UK, the Diabetes Inpatient Specialist Nurse Group and the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists. The document aims to support staff working in emergency departments and elsewhere by offering practical advice and tools for effective, appropriate and safe triage. Each section relates to the commonest diabetic specific emergencies and algorithms can be printed off to enable ease of access and use.