Diffusion-tensor MR imaging of intracranial neoplasia and associated peritumoral edema: introduction of the tumor infiltration index

Stanley Lu, Daniel Ahn, Glyn Johnson, Meng Law, David Zagzag, Robert I. Grossman

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289 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To determine whether diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging metrics of peritumoral edema can be used to differentiate intra- from extraaxial lesions, metastatic lesions from gliomas, and high- from low-grade gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, diffusion-tensor MR imaging was performed preoperatively in 40 patients with intracranial neoplasms, including meningiomas, metastatic lesions, glioblastomas multiforme, and low-grade gliomas. Histograms of mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) were used to analyze both the tumor and the associated T2 signal intensity abnormality. An additional metric, the tumor infiltration index (TII), was evaluated. The TII is a measure of the change in FA presumably caused by tumor cells infiltrating the peritumoral edema. Student t test and least-squares linear regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Peritumoral MD and FA values indicated no statistically significant difference between intra- and extraaxial lesions or between high- and low-grade gliomas. Regarding intraaxial tumors, the measured mean peritumoral MD of metastatic lesions, 0.733 x 10(-3) mm(2)/sec +/- 0.061 (SD), was significantly higher than that of gliomas, 0.587 +/- 0.093 x 10(-3) mm(2)/sec (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004


  • Brain, diffusion, 10.91
  • Brain neoplasms, diagnosis, 10.30, 10.363, 10.366, 10.38
  • Brain neoplasms, MR, 10.121416, 10.12143, 10.12144
  • Magnetic resonance (MR), diffusion tensor, 10.12144

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