Direct and indirect effects of estuarine reclamation on nutrient and metals fluxes in the global coastal zone

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We demonstrate that land reclamation in estuaries is resulting in very large-scale loss of intertidal area and disconnection of stored sediment with the water column. This process is not just causing loss of estuarine ecosystem services, it is also having a major deleterious impact on the ability of estuaries to retain nutrients and trace metals. The global scale of loss of estuarine wetlands and subtidal sediments has reached the point where the impact of this loss of estuarine retention is likely to be affecting coastal seas worldwide and possibly global element cycles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-348
Number of pages12
JournalAquatic Geochemistry
Issue number4
Early online date24 Sep 2015
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016


  • estuary
  • fluxes
  • nutrients
  • carbon
  • trace metals
  • managed realignment

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