Disaster Aid? Mapping historical responses to volcanic eruptions from 1800–2000 in the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean: their role in creating vulnerabilities

Jenni Barclay, Richie Robertson, Jazmin P. Scarlett, David M. Pyle, Maria Teresa Armijos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


This paper uses volcanic eruptions on the Caribbean islands of Montserrat and Saint Vincent to explore the role that British colonial rule in the past and near past (1800–2000) has played in response to and recovery from hazardous events, and in turn, the influence that the nature of the hazards has on these responses. It shows that systemic vulnerabilities to natural hazards have been created by inadequate aid responses and longer-term chronic problems and demonstrates that hazard impacts are compounded by them. Vulnerabilities could be reduced by analysing integrated hazard impacts to generate mitigative measures across hazards and identify actions that more closely match timescales of political decision-making. Incorporating local knowledge and experience into risk analysis will enable the most effective use of aid resources, ahead of emergencies. Finally, coupling aid for long-term development with emergency response would improve outcomes and adaptation to longer-term vulnerabilities in immediate rebuilding and short-term recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S10-S50
Number of pages41
Issue numberS1
Early online date1 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • disaster aid
  • Eastern Caribbean
  • hazards
  • Montserrat
  • recovery
  • response
  • Saint Vincent
  • volcanic eruptions

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