Distilling best practice principles for public participation in impact assessment follow-up

Angus Morrison-Saunders, Jos Arts, Jenny Pope, Alan Bond, Francois Retief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Building upon principles for public engagement and for impact assessment (IA) follow-up, this paper distils best practice principles specific to public participation in IA follow-up. Literature review, followed by a simple survey distributed to IA follow-up and/or public engagement practitioners helped identify key principles and related published sources. Twelve principles for public participation in IA follow-up are presented, which relate to: (1) mandatory public reporting, (2) ease of access to published material, (3) full transparency, (4) clarity about the IA follow-up process, (5) input to decision-making, (6) continuous access to IA follow-up activities and feedback, (7) independent verification, (8) two-way communication, (9) partnerships, (10) Indigenous inclusion, (11) participatory monitoring, and (12) involvement in adaptive management. They form a ladder of public engagement; the initial principles pertain mainly to information provision, with increasing levels of participation and legitimacy inherent in the latter principles. The principles are intended to provide a foundation for practitioners and community members involved in IA follow-up to enhance practice at all stages of the development life-cycle, helping to achieve sustainable development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-58
Number of pages11
JournalImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Issue number1
Early online date11 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • public participation
  • stakeholder engagement
  • impact assessment follow-up
  • monitoring
  • auditing
  • evaluation
  • governance
  • adaptive management

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