Does modifying electrode placement of the 12 lead ECG matter in healthy subjects?

James P Sheppard, Thomas A Barker, Aaron M Ranasinghe, Thomas H Clutton-Brock, Michael P Frenneaux, Michael J Parkes

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Limb electrodes for the 12 lead ECG are routinely placed on the torso during exercise stress testing or when limbs are clinically inaccessible. It is unclear whether such electrode modification produces ECG changes in healthy male or female subjects that are clinically important according to the 2009 AHA, ACCF, HRS guidelines. We therefore measured whether ECG modification produced clinically important or false positive ECG changes e.g., appearance of Q waves in leads V(1-3), ST changes greater than 0.1 mV, T wave changes greater than 0.5 mV (frontal plane) or 1 mV (transverse plane), QRS axis shifts or alterations to QTc/P-R/QRS intervals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-91
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2011


  • Adult
  • Electrocardiography
  • Electrodes
  • Exercise Test
  • Extremities
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male

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