Does the well-being of individuals with Down syndrome and dementia improve when using life story books and rummage boxes? A randomized single case series experiment

Nicola Crook, Malcolm Adams, Nicola Shorten, Peter E. Langdon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated whether a personalized life story book and rummage box enhanced well-being and led to changes in behaviour for people with Down syndrome (DS) who have dementia.

Materials and Methods:
A randomized single case series design was used with five participants who had DS and a diagnosis of dementia. Participants were invited to take part in three conditions at random (i) life story book, (ii) rummage box and (iii) no-intervention condition.

The two reminiscence conditions were significantly associated with enhanced well-being as compared to the no-intervention condition. However, for one participant, the life story book was associated with significantly higher well-being, while for another participant, the rummage box was associated with significantly higher well-being, suggesting some participants may prefer one method over another.

Personalized life story books and rummage boxes are associated with higher levels of well-being for people with DS and dementia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Issue number1
Early online date31 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • cognitive stimulation therapy
  • dementia care mapping
  • learning disability

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