Drop-on-demand printing of personalised orodispersible films fabricated by precision micro-dispensing

Chak Hin Tam, Matthew Alexander, Peter Belton, Sheng Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


Personalised orodispersible films (ODFs) manufactured at the point of care offer the possibility of adapting the dosing requirements for individual patients. Inkjet printing was extensively explored as a tool to produce personalised ODFs, but it is extensively limited to dispensing liquid with low viscosity and the interaction between ink and edible substrate complicates the fabrication process. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of using a micro-dispensing (MD) jet system capable of accurately dispensing viscous liquid to fabricate substrate-free ODFs on-demand. The model inks containing hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and paracetamol were used to prepare personalised ODFs by expanding the film area. Cast films were used as the control sample to benchmark the mechanical properties, disintegration time, and dosing accuracy of MD printed ODFs. Both the cast and printed films showed smooth surface morphology without any bubbles. No significant difference was found in the disintegration time of the MD printed films compared to the cast films. High precision in dosing by MD printing was achieved. The dose of paracetamol had a linear correlation with the dimension of the printed films (R 2 = 0.995). The results provide clear evidence of the potential of MD printing to fabricate ODFs and the knowledge foundation of advancing MD printing to a point-of-care small-batch manufacturing technology of personalised ODFs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121279
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Early online date10 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2021


  • 3D printing
  • Drop-on-demand
  • Micro-dispensing
  • Orodispersible film
  • Personalised medicine
  • Solid dosage form

Cite this