Dynamic misspecification in the environmental Kuznets curve: Evidence from CO2 and SO2 emissions in the United Kingdom

Jack Fosten, Bruce Morley, Tim Taylor

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121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study looks at the behaviour of emissions when in disequilibrium with respect to the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship. We use the non-linear threshold cointegration and error correction methodology and a long dataset beginning in 1830, in an application to the United Kingdom. There is significant evidence that, not only does the 'inverse-U' shape hold between per capita CO2 and SO2 emissions and GDP per capita, but we also find that temporary disequilibrium from the long-run EKC is corrected in an asymmetric fashion. This may be due to the historical pressure of environmental regulation in the UK to reduce emissions that are higher than permitted. However further analysis suggests that technological change can partially account for the asymmetric adjustment. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalEcological Economics
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Environmental Kuznets curve
  • Emissions
  • Cointegration
  • Nonlinear error correction

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