Effects of noninhibitory serpin maspin on the actin cytoskeleton: A quantitative image modeling approach

Mohammed Al-Mamun, Lorna Ravenhill, Worawut Srisukkham, Alamgir Hossain, Charles Fall, Vincent Ellis, Rosemary Bass

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Recent developments in quantitative image analysis allow us to interrogate confocal microscopy images to answer biological questions. Clumped and layered cell nuclei and cytoplasm in confocal images challenges the ability to identify subcellular compartments. To date, there is no perfect image analysis method to identify cytoskeletal changes in confocal images. Here, we present a multidisciplinary study where an image analysis model was developed to allow quantitative measurements of changes in the cytoskeleton of cells with different maspin exposure. Maspin, a noninhibitory serpin influences cell migration, adhesion, invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis in ways that are consistent with its identification as a tumor metastasis suppressor. Using different cell types, we tested the hypothesis that reduction in cell migration by maspin would be reflected in the architecture of the actin cytoskeleton. A hybrid marker-controlled watershed segmentation technique was used to segment the nuclei, cytoplasm, and ruffling regions before measuring cytoskeletal changes. This was informed by immunohistochemical staining of cells transfected stably or transiently with maspin proteins, or with added bioactive peptides or protein. Image analysis results showed that the effects of maspin were mirrored by effects on cell architecture, in a way that could be described quantitatively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-409
Number of pages11
JournalMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Issue number2
Early online date24 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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