Effects of Temperature and Water Content on the Secondary Structure of Wheat Gluten Studied by FTIR Spectroscopy

Dominique M. R. Georget, Peter Belton

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Abstract

The effect of temperature on gluten conditioned at the following water contents, 0%, 13%, and 47% (wet weight basis), was studied by FTIR spectroscopy over the temperature range of 25-85 °C. A detailed discussion of the assignment of the amide I band is given. At 0% hydration no changes in the secondary structure with temperature could be detected; spectra were consistent with a tight disordered structure with many protein-protein interactions. At 13% hydration, distinctive changes occurred in the low-frequency region of the amide I band (1630-1613 cm-1). This was attributed to changes in the ß-sheet structure. On cooling to 25 °C, these changes were mainly reversed. It was noted that most of the changes observed occurred above the glass transition temperature. At 47% hydration, more complex changes took place: as the temperature was raised distinct bands at 1630 and 1613 cm-1 merged. However, this process was partially reversed, with recovery of both bands, on cooling. The significance of these results in relation to other changes in gluten proteins in flour and dough with temperature and water content is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-475
Number of pages7
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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