Effects of wave-current interaction on storm surge in the Taiwan Strait: Insights from Typhoon Morakot

Xiaolong Yu, Weiran Pan, Xiangjing Zheng, Shenjie Zhou, Xiaoqin Tao

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Abstract

The effects of wave-current interaction on storm surge are investigated by a two-dimensional wave-current coupling model through simulations of Typhoon Morakot in the Taiwan Strait. The results show that wind wave and slope of sea floor govern wave setup modulations within the nearshore surf zone. Wave setup during Morakot can contribute up to 24% of the total storm surge with a maximum value of 0.28 m. The large wave setup commonly coincides with enhanced radiation stress gradient, which is itself associated with transfer of wave momentum flux. Water levels are to leading order in modulating significant wave height inside the estuary. High water levels due to tidal change and storm surge stabilize the wind wave and decay wave breaking. Outside of the estuary, waves are mainly affected by the current-induced modification of wind energy input to the wave generation. By comparing the observed significant wave height and water level with the results from uncoupled and coupled simulations, the latter shows a better agreement with the observations. It suggests that wave-current interaction plays an important role in determining the extreme storm surge and wave height in the study area and should not be neglected in a typhoon forecast.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalContinental Shelf Research
Volume146
Early online date17 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Typhoon Morakot
  • wave-current interaction
  • wave setup
  • radiation stress gradient

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