Electrooxidation of glucose by binder-free bimetallic Pd1Ptx/graphene aerogel/nickel foam composite electrodes with low metal loading in basic medium

Chi-Him A. Tsang, K. N. Hui, K. S. Hui

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Many 2D graphene-based catalysts for electrooxidation of glucose involved the use of binders and toxic reducing agents in the preparation of the electrodes, which potentially causes the masking of original activity of the electrocatalysts. In this study, a green method was developed to prepare binder-free 3D graphene aerogel/nickel foam electrodes in which bimetallic Pd-Pt NP alloy with different at% ratios were loaded on 3D graphene aerogel. The influence of Pd/Pt ratio (at%: 1:2.9, 1:1.31, 1:1.03), glucose concentration (30 mM, 75 mM, 300 mM, 500 mM) and NaOH concentration (0.1 M, 1 M) on electrooxidation of glucose were investigated. The catalytic activity of the electrodes was enhanced with increasing the Pd/Pt ratio from 1:2.9 to 1:1.03, and changing the NaOH/glucose concentration from 75 mM glucose/0.1 M NaOH to 300 mM glucose/1 M NaOH. The Pd1Pt1.03/GA/NF electrode achieved a high current density of 388.59 A g−1 under the 300 mM glucose/1 M NaOH condition. The stability of the electrodes was also evaluated over 1000 cycles. This study demonstrated that the Pd1Pt1.03/GA/NF electrode could be used as an anodic electrode in glucose-based fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Early online date16 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2017


  • Glucose cell
  • Graphene aerogel
  • Palladium
  • Platinum

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