Emergence of the Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa

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Abstract

This chapter gives an overview on the recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa which has lasted for over seventeen months. The Ebola virus has been implicated as a causative agent of viral haemorrhagic fever occurring in Central Africa over the last thirty-nine years. However, the Ebola virus has not previously been recognised as an endemic virus causing outbreaks of viral illness in West Africa. The start of what was to become the largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in known history was first reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on the 23rd of March 2014 and since then it has transformed into an unprecedented and severe epidemic affecting the three countries of West Africa (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone). The emergence of this lethal virus in a setting of profound poverty, a dysfunctional public-health and a weak government infrastructure alarmed the wider world and caused dread from an uncontrollable spread.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExamining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics
EditorsMaha Bouzid
PublisherIGI Global
Pages163-177
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781522505549
ISBN (Print)9781522505532, 1522505539
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

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