Manganese-exchanged Al-MCM-41 modified by the chiral salen ligand [(R,R)-(-)-N,N'-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylidene)cyclohexane-1,2-diamin e] has been investigated as a heterogeneous catalyst for the enantioselective epoxidation of (Z)-stilbene using iodosylbenzene as oxygen donor, with particular interest in the effect of reaction conditions on the cis:trans ratio of the epoxide product. Immobilisation of the chiral Mn-salen complex in Al-MCM-41 increases the cis:trans ratio of the epoxide product when compared to the non-immobilised complex under the same conditions. Increasing the level of Mn-exchange in the Al-MCM-41 increases the amount of trans-epoxide, whereas increasing the iodosylbenzene:substrate ratio increases the amount of cis product formed. Increasing the reaction temperature also increases the amount of trans-epoxide for the homogeneous Mn-complex under the same conditions. A series of experiments is described in which the external ion-exchange sites on Al-MCM-41 are preferentially silanised, which enables the cis/trans selectivity for external and internal sites to be determined. Mn-salen immobilised on the external surface of Al-MCM-41 gives the same cis:trans ratio as that observed with the non-immobilised Mn-salen complex in solution, whereas Mn-salen immobilised within the pores gives the cis-epoxide preferentially. The enantioselection of the immobilised chiral Mn-salen complex is shown to decrease with reaction time at -10 degrees C, but the cis:trans epoxide ratio remains unchanged; whereas for the non-immobilised complex in solution the enantioselection is independent of reaction time. Iodobenzene, a decomposition product formed from iodosylbenzene, is found to act as a poison for the immobilised catalyst, leading to a slower reaction and lower enantioselection.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society-Perkin Transactions 2|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATION
- (SALEN)MANGANESE(III) COMPLEXES
- HETEROGENEOUS AZIRIDINATION