End-wall secondary flow control using engineered residual surface structure

X. Miao, Q. Zhang, C. Atkin, Z. Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


Residual surface roughness is often introduced in the manufacture process with ball-end or fillet-end milling. Instead of paying extra cost to remove these small-scale residual surface structures, there is a potential usage of them as flow control device. This numerical study therefore explores the ability of engineered surface structure in controlling the end wall secondary flow in turbomachinery. The CFD method is validated against the existing experimental data obtained for a 90 degree turning duct flow with a single rib fence placed on the end-wall. The working principle of the engineered surface structure is revealed through detailed analysis on the flow produced by multiple small fences and grooves mimicking the residual surface. The results consistently show that addition of engineered residual structure on flow surface can effectively reduce the magnitude of stream-wise vorticity associated with secondary flow and alleviate its lift-off motion. In the end, a general working mechanism and design guideline for optimizing the residual structure are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, 2016, Vol. 2B
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-0-7918-4970-5
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventASME Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition - Seoul, South Korea
Duration: 13 Jun 201617 Jun 2016


ConferenceASME Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Country/TerritorySouth Korea


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