Enhancing the executive functions of 3-year-olds in the Dimensional Change Card Sort task

Sammy Perone (Lead Author), Stephen J Molitor, Aaron T Buss, John P Spencer, Larissa K Samuelson

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31 Citations (Scopus)
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Executive functions enable flexible thinking, something young children are notoriously bad at. For instance, in the dimensional change card sort (DCCS) task, 3-year-olds can sort cards by one dimension (shape), but continue to sort by this dimension when asked to switch (to color). This study tests a prediction of a dynamic neural field model that prior experience with the postswitch dimension can enhance 3-year-olds' performance in the DCCS. In Experiment 1A, a matching game was used to preexpose 3-year-olds (n = 36) to color. This facilitated switching from sorting by shape to color. In , 3-year-olds (n = 18) were preexposed to shape. This did not facilitate switching from sorting by color to shape. The model was used to explain this asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)812-827
Number of pages16
JournalChild Development
Issue number3
Early online date1 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2015

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