Environmental consciousness and choice of bulb for lighting in a developing country

Anthony Amoah, George Hughes, Paragon Pomeyie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Most countries in the world especially those in Asia and Africa have been undertaking policies meant to help promote science, technology and innovation towards meeting some provisions of the Sustainable Development Goals. However, there is still a sizable number of households who have not yet fully embraced energy-saving technologies. This study provides highlights on the economic and environmental benefits for investing in energy-saving light bulbs.

Methods: Using a survey and a multistage random sampling approach, we administered questionnaires to 1650 households in Ghana. The relevant diagnostic tests associated with cross-sectional data were undertaken. We estimated a maximum-likelihood probit model with its associated marginal effects to find out how the choice of energy-saving light bulb (behaviour) is influenced by environmental consciousness (both local knowledge and global knowledge) and other demographic factors.

Results: Our results are consistent with economic theory as well as what earlier empirical evidence found in literature. That is, environmental consciousness, education, income, etc. are very important in explaining the choice of buying energy-saving light bulbs in Ghana.

Conclusions: Besides advocating for information that will make society more environmentally conscious, we further recommend the use of fiscal policies (i.e. subsidies) to support lower income brackets who are predominant in developing countries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalEnergy, Sustainability and Society
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2018


  • Environmental consciousness
  • Environmental attitude
  • Light bulbs
  • CFLs
  • Electricity
  • Developing countries

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