Environmental knowledge, pro-environmental behaviour and energy savings in households: An empirical study

Mary Pothitou (Lead Author), Richard F. Hanna, Konstantinos J. Chalvatzis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

250 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper we evaluate the impact of knowledge about environmental and energy issues on potential pro-environmental behaviour in households, specifically relating to behaviours, attitudes and habits towards energy use. Our results are based on an empirical survey and we find significant correlations which indicate that residents with positive environmental values and greater environmental knowledge are more likely to demonstrate energy behaviours, attitudes and habits which lead to energy saving activities in households. This is further supported through a Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which suggests that energy saving behaviour may also vary according to gender and employment status. Conversely, we find only limited evidence of statistical associations between environmental predisposition and knowledge, and ownership and frequency of use of household appliances. We argue that our results contribute to the significant body of literature supporting the role of knowledge in active engagement with energy issues. This study is timely following closely policy developments in active consumer engagement by the European Commission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217–1229
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date22 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2016


  • Pro-environmental behaviour
  • energy behaviour
  • attitudes
  • habits
  • environmental predisposition
  • environmental knowledge

Cite this