Estimating acoustic speech features in low signal-to-noise ratios using a statistical framework

Philip Harding, Ben Milner

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Abstract

Accurate estimation of acoustic speech features from noisy speech and from different speakers is an ongoing problem in speech processing. Many methods have been proposed to estimate acoustic features but errors increase as signal-to-noise ratios fall. This work proposes a robust statistical framework to estimate an acoustic speech vector (comprising voicing, fundamental frequency and spectral envelope) from an intermediate feature that is extracted from a noisy time-domain speech signal. The initial approach is accurate in clean conditions but deteriorates in noise and with changing speaker. Adaptation methods are then developed to adjust the acoustic models to the noise conditions and speaker. Evaluations are carried out in stationary and nonstationary noises and at SNRs from -5dB to clean conditions. Comparison with conventional methods of estimating fundamental frequency, voicing and spectral envelope reveals the proposed framework to have lowest errors in all conditions tested.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1–19
Number of pages19
JournalComputer Speech and Language
Volume42
Early online date16 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Voicing
  • Fundamental frequency
  • Spectral envelope
  • Noise adaptation
  • Speaker adaptation

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