European governance and the transfer of 'new' environmental policy instruments (NEPIs) in the European Union

Andrew Jordan, Rüdiger Wurzel, Anthony R. Zito, Lars Brückner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the use of 'new' environmental policy instruments (NEPIs), particularly market-based instruments (for example, eco-taxes) and voluntary agreements, in the European Union (EU). It focuses on the actor motivation behind the recent increase in the adoption of new and innovative instruments in EU (and member state) environmental policies while also taking account of the external international arena. The article assesses whether new ideas put forward by policy entrepreneurs, such as member governments, EU institutions, expert groups and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), are main motivation behind the EU adoption of NEPIs, or whether market and harmonization pressures are the main driving forces. It concentrates on eco-taxes, voluntary agreements and eco-labels, using the following three theoretical perspectives: (1) policy learning and transfer/ideational; (2) garbage can; and (3) institutional approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-574
Number of pages20
JournalPublic Administration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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