Evaluating bodily self-consciousness and the brain using multisensory perturbation and fMRI

Philippe A. Chouinard, Joshua A. Sherman, Amy Siobhan Millard, Irene Sperandio

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In this article, we consider the usefulness of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and perturbation in evaluating causal relationships between bodily self-consciousness and the brain. We argue that fMRI research is not always restricted to correlational statements when it is combined with perturbation techniques and can sometimes permit some degree of causal inferencing, such as when bodily illusions are examined with fMRI. In these instances, one is changing a participant’s conscious bodily self by experimentally perturbing mechanisms that are involved in multisensory integration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179–191
Number of pages13
JournalMultisensory Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2017


  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
  • bodily self-consciousness
  • multisensory integration
  • perturb-and-measure

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