Evaluation of HadCM2 and direct use of daily GCM data in Impact Assessment Studies

T. Mavromatis, Philip Jones

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28 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates two important aspects of methods used to explore possible effects of climatic changes on agricultural productivity on regional spatial scales. First, an evaluation of precipitation and near surface air temperature in two successive versions of the Hadley Centre General Circulalion Model (GCM) has been performed to consider to what extent GCMs are capable of simulating the mean and variability of local climates. This is explored by comparing the output of an individual GCM grid box with three station observations. Several ancillary issues associated with the comparisons of observations of daily precipitation and model output that affect the statistical results are also discussed. Finally, daily data from the control and sulphate runs of the latest Hadley Centre GCM (HadCM2) have been used directly as input to the CERES-Wheat model, and the modelled yield distribution is compared to thai produced with the historical data series. Our results imply that for this particular grid box covering the study region in central France, the daily raw data from HadCM2 experiment can be used directly to assess the potential impact of the greenhouse gas and sulphate aerosol radiative induced forcings and the associated climatic change on average regional winter wheat production. On the other hand, less confidence should be placed on their use regarding the estimation of future agricultural risk and variability assessment. Furthermore, a possibly more severe methodological problem that has arisen from our study is the inability of CERES-Wheat to simulate the waterlogging effects of excessive soil water on crop growth and development. Finally, we assess the potential impact of changing climate on regional winter wheat production by using the daily data from the sulphate integration up to the end of the 21st century.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-614
Number of pages32
JournalClimatic Change
Issue number3/4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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