The natural compound tyropeptin A, a new peptidyl aldehyde proteasome inhibitor, was tested for its trypanocidal activity in vitro using culture-adapted bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei. The concentrations of tyropeptin A required to reduce the growth rate by 50 % and to kill all cells were 10 and 100 times lower for bloodstream-form trypanosomes than for human leukaemia HL-60 cells, respectively. Enzymatic analysis showed that the trypsin-like activity of the trypanosome proteasome and the chymotrypsin-like activity of the mammalian proteasome are particularly sensitive to inhibition by tyropeptin A. The results suggest that natural compounds targeting the trypsin-like activity of the proteasome may serve as leads for rational drug development of novel anti-trypanosomal agents.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|