Dicot Dicer-like (DCL) enzymes operate preferably on GC rich regions when producing small interfering (si)RNA and micro (mi)RNA. This GC bias, however, is not generic in monocot miRNA productions. From wild Dactylis glomerata naturally infected by Cocksfoot streak potyvirus (CSV), CSV-siRNAs had a greater GC% than the virus genome, indicating that GC rich regions were also preferred by the grass DCLs. This supports the notion that GC preference is an ancient feature for plant DCLs, and suggests that monocot miRNA genes might have evolved to a high GC% resulting in GC bias being not detectable during mature miRNA production.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - Apr 2008