Expatriation and repatriation in MNCs: A taxonomy

Yehuda Baruch, Yochanan Altman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)


The challenge of the management of expatriates and repatriates has never been more timely nor urgent: globalization has forced expatriation into the corporate agenda, confronting us with an array of questions on HRM strategy and practice. We propose that a wide range of current thinking and practice may be conveniently grouped into a taxonomy of five organizational options, each advancing a different set of expatriation relationships: Global, Emissary, Peripheral, Professional, and Expedient. A framework outlining the main configurations of these options generates a generic model for expatriation at the organizational level. This forms the principal part of the article, followed by a comprehensive discussion and implications for practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-259
Number of pages21
JournalHuman Resource Management Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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