Projects per year
This study explored how child maltreatment, alongside a range of other variables, predicted adverse outcomes for children adopted from the foster care system in England. The participants were 319 adoptive parents who completed an in-depth online survey about their most recently adopted child. The mean age of children at placement for adoption was 28 months (range 0–11 years) and their ages at the time of the survey ranged from 0 years to 17 years (mean¼7 years). Detailed information was collected about children’s backgrounds, including their experiences in the birth family and the care system before adoption. Adoptive parents also reported on how well children were getting on in a range of areas of functioning and how well they felt the adoption was going overall. Child maltreatment and child adverse outcomes were modeled as two factors in a latent factor structural equation model. The relationship between these two factors was explored alongside a range of covariates. Associated with worse outcomes for children were potentially heritable factors (parental learning disability), the pre-birth environment (exposure to drugs or alcohol in utero) and the period between birth and moving to the adoptive family (higher levels of maltreatment, spending more than a year in care, having two or more foster placements). The child’s distress on moving from the foster home to the adoptive family was also highly significant in linking to poorer outcomes, suggesting the detrimental effect of poorly managed transitions. Implications for child welfare practices before and after adoption are discussed.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Developmental Child Welfare|
|Early online date||30 Mar 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2020|
- adoption support
- foster care
- adoption outcomes
- adverse childhood experiences
- School of Social Work - Professor
- Business and Local Government Data Research Centre - Member
- Centre for Research on Children and Families - Member
Person: Research Centre Member, Academic, Teaching & Research
- 2 Finished
Regionalising adoption in Yorkshire and Humberside: a research project
Neil, B., Cornford, J. & Young, J.
1/05/16 → 30/04/17
Smart Data Analytics for Business and Local Government
Hancock, R., Sena, V., Coakley, J., Cornford, J., De La Iglesia, B., Fasli, M., Fearne, A., Forder, J., Harwood, A., Hviid, M., Jones, A., Kulinskaya, E., Laurie, H., Lovett, A., Schofield, G., Appleton, K., Morciano, M. & Sunnenberg, G.
Economic and Social Research Council
31/01/14 → 31/10/20
- 1 Other report
The Joys and Challenges of Adoptive Family Life: A Survey of Adoptive Parents in the Yorkshire and Humberside RegionNeil, E., Young, J. & Hartley, L., May 2018, Norwich: Centre for Research on Children and Families, UEA. 241 p.
Research output: Book/Report › Other reportOpen AccessFile