Exploring pro-environmental behaviors of consumers: An analysis of contextual factors, attitude, and behaviors

Myriam Ertz, Fahri Karakas, Emine Sarigollu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

300 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


By including the context within which consumers' pro-environmental attitudes and behaviors are formed, this research provides a comprehensive delineation of the process that leads from context to behavior. This is the first study to examine context factors as subjective perceptions made by consumers about aspects of their own situation, specifically the extent to which they perceive having more or less time, money, and power available. In contrast to previous research considering one type of behavior (such as recycling), this study recognizes pro-environmental behavior as a heterogeneous, multi-dimensional construct, and includes both public and private sphere behaviors. Pro-environmental business managers and policy-makers may not be in a position to impact objective contextual factors that consumers face, however, they may influence perceptions and attitudes. This study identifies specifically which variables may be of more interest to modulate, so as to increase pro-environmental behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3971-3980
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Business Research
Issue number10
Early online date22 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016


  • Pro-environmental behavior
  • Pro-environmental attitude
  • Consumer behavior
  • Contextual factors
  • Mediation analysis
  • Structural equation modeling

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