Exploring the potential of human bone and teeth collagen from Prehistoric Cyprus for isotopic analysis

Gwenaëlle Goude, Joanne Clarke, Jennifer M. Webb, David Frankel, Giorgos Georgiou, Estelle Herrscher, Kirsi O. Lorentz

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This pilot study attempts to document the potential of Prehistoric human bone and teeth collagen from Cyprus (9th-2nd mill. BC), for isotopic analysis and palaeodietary reconstruction. We sampled archaeological human skeletons and some faunal remains coming from six sites located in different locations, with different burial modes. The analysis of carbon and nitrogen elemental compositions and stable isotope ratios (δ13C, δ15N), indicate an extremely poor preservation of collagen, probably in relationship with burying conditions. Although very few individuals were successfully analysed, stable isotope data from this study allow a discussion on different protein food resources intake by humans in comparison with some other published data in the Near East (Greece, Cyprus, Turkey) from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. These diachronic data provide documentations for future studies, including palaeodietary and environmental field research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume22
Early online date1 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Cyprus
  • Chalcolithic
  • Bronze Age
  • Bone
  • Teeth
  • Collagen
  • Carbon
  • Nitrogen
  • Palaeodiet

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