Extending North Atlantic Oscillation reconstructions back to 1500

J. Luterbacher, E. Xoplaki, D. Dietrich, P. D. Jones, T. D. Davies, D. Portis, J. F. Gonzalez-Rouco, H. von Storch, D. Gyalistras, D. Casty, H. Wanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

321 Citations (Scopus)


Monthly (1659-1995) and seasonal (1500-1658) North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) indices were estimated using instrumental and documentary proxy predictors from Eurasia. Uncertainty estimates were calculated for the reconstructions, and the variability of the 500-year winter NAO has been assessed. The late twentieth century NAO extremes are within the range of variability during earlier centuries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-124
Number of pages11
JournalAtmospheric Science Letters
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Cite this