Extending North Atlantic Oscillation reconstructions back to 1500

J Luterbacher, E Xoplaki, D Dietrich, PD Jones, TD Davies, D Portis, JF Gonzalez-Rouco, H von Storch, D Gyalistras, D Casty, H Wanner

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318 Citations (Scopus)


Monthly (1659-1995) and seasonal (1500-1658) North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) indices were estimated using instrumental and documentary proxy predictors from Eurasia. Uncertainty estimates were calculated for the reconstructions, and the variability of the 500-year winter NAO has been assessed. The late twentieth century NAO extremes are within the range of variability during earlier centuries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-124
Number of pages11
JournalAtmospheric Science Letters
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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