Extracellular Matrix Regulation of Stem Cell Behavior

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100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stem cells hold great promise in treating many diseases either through promoting endogenous cell repair or through direct cell transplants. In order to maximize their potential, understanding the fundamental signals and mechanisms that regulate their behavior is essential. The extracellular matrix (ECM) is one such component involved in mediating stem cell fate. Recent studies have made significant progress in understanding stem cell-ECM interactions. Technological developments have provided greater clarity in how cells may sense and respond to the ECM, in particular the physical properties of the matrix. This review summarizes recent developments, providing illustrative examples of the different modes with which the ECM controls both embryonic and adult stem cell behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Stem Cell Reports
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Extracellular matrix
  • Microenvironment
  • Regeneration
  • Stem cell niche
  • Stem cells

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