Factors affecting the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia: the role of carer anxiety

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Abstract

The role of anxiety on the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia is somewhat neglected in the carer literature. The current study aimed to investigate the impact of common risk factors (i.e., care recipient’s neuropsychiatric symptoms, carer depression, and burden) and anxiety on QoL. This cross-sectional study recruited eighty-nine family carers. Most of the participants were looking after a spouse with Alzheimer’s or mixed dementia. A multiple regression analysis was conducted with carer QoL as a dependent variable. All risk factors (i.e., people with dementia’s neuropsychiatric symptoms, carer depression, anxiety, and burden) were entered into the model simultaneously as independent variables. The model's R2 was 33%. The results demonstrated that anxiety was the only significant independent variable of carer QoL (β = -0.34, p=0.03, 95% CI: -0.64 to -0.04). These results indicated that having more symptoms of anxiety was associated with worse QoL as measured by the ICEpop CAPability measure for Older people (ICECAP-O). These findings suggested that improving carer’s anxiety may be particularly important in promoting QoL among family carers of people with dementia. Future interventions should target this variable to achieve the desired result of improving carer QoL.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychology, Health & Medicine
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 21 Jun 2022

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