|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions|
|Editors||Pedro Teixeira, Jung Cheol Shin, Alberto Amaral, Andres Bernasconi, António Magalhaes, Barbara M. Kehm, Bjørn Stensaker, Edward Choi, Elizabeth Balbachevsky, Fiona Hunter, Gaële Goastellec, Goolam Mohamedbhai, Hans de Wit, Jussi Valimaa, Laura Rumbley, Lisa Unangst, Manja Klemencic, Patricio Langa, Rui Yang, Terhi Nokkala|
|ISBN (Electronic)||978-94-017-8906-6, 978-94-017-8905-9|
|ISBN (Print)||978-94-017-8904-2, 978-94-017-8906-6|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Jul 2019|
Initiated and funded by international organisations and non-African funders, the field of African HE research was largely shaped outside the continent over the past five decades. A bibliographic search carried out for this project using Scopus, Goggle Scholar and AJOL (African Journals Online) revealed that with the exception of South Africa, the institutionalisation of HER in African universities did not begin until the late 1990s despite growing numbers of publications, reports and pamphlets on the subject from the 1980s. Our focus in this chapter is on this process of institutionalisation and development of a field on the continent. Research produced outside Africa is also reported, but only for its structuring impact on HER on the continent.