Finance for renewable energy: An empirical analysis of developing and transition economies

Christa Brunnschweiler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

206 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the role of the financial sector in renewable energy (RE) development. Although RE can bring socio-economic and environmental benefits, its implementation faces a number of obstacles, especially in non-OECD countries. One of these obstacles is financing: underdeveloped financial sectors are unable to efficiently channel loans to RE producers. The influence of financial sector development on the use of renewable energy resources is confirmed in panel data estimations on up to 119 non-OECD countries for 1980–2006. Financial intermediation, in particular commercial banking, has a significant positive effect on the amount of RE produced, and the impact is especially large when we consider non-hydropower RE such as wind, solar, geothermal and biomass. There is also evidence that the development of the RE sector has picked up significantly in the period since the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-274
Number of pages34
JournalEnvironment and Development Economics
Issue number03
Early online date26 Feb 2010
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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