Focus group interviews about AIDS were held in Rakai district, Uganda during early 1990 with groups from various sections of the community. It was found that the knowledge of AIDS symptoms and its transmission were widespread. Attitudes regarding many aspects of sexual behavior, AIDS patients, condoms, injections, hospital treatment, sexually transmitted diseases and an AIDS cure were investigated. We found that most people no longer fear casual contact with AIDS patients but they blame spouses of people with AIDS for spreading the infection. Condoms are generally not trusted. Many people feel that condoms cannot prevent transmission of the AIDS virus and some fear that they may get torn and cause complications in women. Most people now do not like injections for treatment and when necessary, prefer disposable needles and syringes. Hospital treatment for AIDS patients is not trusted very much, and many people believe that AIDS patients are intentionally killed off by doctors. Sexual behavior was extensively discussed and it was found that there is generally a reduced level of multiple sexual partners. The reduction is more marked in rural areas but the urban areas are still having higher levels of multiple sexual partners.