Game harmony: A behavioural approach for predicting cooperation in games

Daniel John Zizzo, Jonathan H. W. Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Game harmony describes how harmonious (nonconflictual) or disharmonious (conflictual) the interests of players are in a game, as embodied in the game’s raw payoffs. It departs from the traditional game-theoretic approach in that it is a nonequilibrium behavioral approach that can be psychologically founded. The authors experimentally test the predictive power of basic game harmony measures on a variety of well-known 2 × 2 games and randomly generated 2 × 2 and 3 × 3 generic games. The findings support its all-rounded predictive power. Game harmony provides an alternative tool that is both powerful and parsimonious, as it does not require information on a player’s degree of rationality, social preferences, beliefs, and perceptions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-1013
Number of pages27
JournalAmerican Behavioral Scientist
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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