Gastrin and interleukin-1beta stimulate growth factor secretion from cultured rabbit gastric parietal cells

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The hormone gastrin stimulates proliferation of the gastric mucosa. Inflammation of the stomach is also associated with increased proliferation. The proliferative response is important in the reparative response to injury but can be deleterious by predisposing to the development of cancer. Parietal cells, but not the cells in the proliferative zone of the gastric glands, express the appropriate gastrin receptor. Parietal cells may mediate the trophic effects of gastrin by secreting other growth factors. The role of parietal cells in the proliferative responses has been examined in this study. Rabbit parietal cells were cultured with gastrin or the cytokine interleukin-1beta for 18 hours. The conditioned medium from gastrin or IL-1beta stimulated parietal cells increased proliferation of HeLa cells in an epidermal growth factor-receptor dependant manner. Gastrin and IL-1beta stimulated the secretion of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor and amphiregulin but not transforming growth factor-alpha from parietal cells. Combinations of gastrin and IL-1beta on growth factor secretion were synergistic. The protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporine abolished these stimulatory effects of gastrin and IL-1beta. Divergent effects on histamine-stimulated acid secretion were observed; 18 hours pre-treatment with gastrin enhanced acid secretion by 50% but IL-1beta inhibited acid secretion in both control and gastrin pre-treated parietal cells. The acid-secreting parietal cell plays a central role in the regulation of mucosal proliferation in gastric inflammation. Secretion of paracrine growth factors by parietal cells may be an important point of integration between the endocrine and inflammatory stimuli in determining mucosal responses to injury and inflammation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2983-2995
Number of pages13
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2004


  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Gastric Acid
  • Gastrins
  • Glycoproteins
  • Growth Substances
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Interleukin-1
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Rabbits
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha

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