Genesis and provenance of a new Middle Pleistocene diamicton unit at Happisburgh, NE Norfolk, UK

Richard G. Hodkin, Jonathan R. Lee, James B. Riding, Jenni A. Turner

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Glacigenic deposits at Happisburgh, NE Norfolk, record the earliest known expansion of glaciers into lowland eastern England during the Quaternary. The sequence comprises two regionally extensive till units, the Happisburgh Till and Corton Diamicton members of the Happisburgh Glacigenic Formation, deposited during separate ice advances, and intervening glacilacustrine and outwash deposits laid down during ice-marginal retreat. During 2012, a new diamicton unit was discovered within the intervening sorted sediments and its significance is outlined here. Sedimentological and structural evidence suggests, tentatively, that the diamicton forms a small debris fan generated subaerially by a series of water-saturated hyperconcentrated or debris flows. The precise trigger mechanism for these flow deposits remains unclear, but may relate to seasonal melting of surface or buried ice followed by mass-movement, or to more abrupt geological events including periods of intense rainfall, moraine dam failure or a glacier outburst flood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
Early online date26 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

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