Genomic evolution shapes prostate cancer disease type

Dan J. Woodcock, Atef Sahli, Ruxandra Teslo, Vinayak Bhandari, Andreas J. Gruber, Aleksandra Ziubroniewicz, Gunes Gundem, Yaobo Xu, Adam Butler, Ezequiel Anokian, Bernard J. Pope, Chol-Hee Jung, Maxime Tarabichi, Stefan C. Dentro, J. Henry R. Farmery, Peter Van Loo, Anne Y. Warren, Vincent Gnanapragasam, Freddie C. Hamdy, G. Steven BovaChristopher S. Foster, David E. Neal, Yong-Jie Lu, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Michael Fraser, Robert G. Bristow, Paul C. Boutros, Anthony J. Costello, Niall M. Corcoran, Christopher M. Hovens, Charlie E. Massie, Andy G. Lynch, Daniel S. Brewer, Rosalind A. Eeles, Colin S. Cooper, David C. Wedge

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Abstract

The development of cancer is an evolutionary process involving the sequential acquisition of genetic alterations that disrupt normal biological processes, enabling tumor cells to rapidly proliferate and eventually invade and metastasize to other tissues. We investigated the genomic evolution of prostate cancer through the application of three separate classification methods, each designed to investigate a different aspect of tumor evolution. Integrating the results revealed the existence of two distinct types of prostate cancer that arise from divergent evolutionary trajectories, designated as the Canonical and Alternative evolutionary disease types. We therefore propose the evotype model for prostate cancer evolution wherein Alternative-evotype tumors diverge from those of the Canonical-evotype through the stochastic accumulation of genetic alterations associated with disruptions to androgen receptor DNA binding. Our model unifies many previous molecular observations, providing a powerful new framework to investigate prostate cancer disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100511
JournalCell Genomics
Volume4
Issue number3
Early online date29 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • AR binding
  • cancer evolution
  • evotype model
  • evotypes
  • ordering
  • prostate cancer

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