Genomics‐informed captive breeding can reduce inbreeding depression and the genetic load in zoo populations

Samuel A. Speak, Thomas Birley, Chiara Bortoluzzi, Matthew D. Clark, Lawrence Percival-Alwyn, Hernán E. Morales, Cock van Oosterhout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Zoo populations of threatened species are a valuable resource for the restoration of wild populations. However, their small effective population size poses a risk to long-term viability, especially in species with high genetic load. Recent bioinformatic developments can identify harmful genetic variants in genome data. Here, we advance this approach, analysing the genetic load in the threatened pink pigeon (Nesoenas mayeri). We lifted the mutation-impact scores that had been calculated for the chicken (Gallus gallus) to estimate the genetic load in six pink pigeons. Additionally, we perform in silico crossings to predict the genetic load and realized load of potential offspring. We thus identify the optimal mate pairs that are theoretically expected to produce offspring with the least inbreeding depression. We use computer simulations to show how genomics-informed conservation can reduce the genetic load whilst reducing the loss of genome-wide diversity. Genomics-informed management is likely to become instrumental in maintaining the long-term viability of zoo populations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Ecology Resources
Early online date10 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 May 2024

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