Geographical disparities in access to cancer management and treatment services in England

Peninah Murage (Lead Author), S. Michael Crawford, Max Bachmann, Andy Jones

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23 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

This study seeks to examine the extent to which cancer services are geographically located according to cancer incidence, and assess the association with cancer survival. We identified hospital sites serving English PCTs (Primary Care Trusts) with the management and treatment of breast, lung and colorectal cancer. Geographical access was estimated as travel time in minutes from LSOAs (Lower Super Output Areas) to the nearest hospital site and aggregated to PCT level. Correlations between PCT level mean travel times and cancer cases were estimated using Spearman’s rank correlation. Associations between PCT level mean travel times and cancer relative survival rates were estimated using linear regression with adjustment for area deprivation and for a PCT level measure of the reported ease of obtaining a doctor’s appointment. We found that cancer services tended to be located farther from areas with more cancer cases, and longer average travel times are associated with worse survival after adjustment for age, sex, year and area deprivation. This suggests that geographical access to cancer services remains a concern in England.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11–18
Number of pages8
JournalHealth & Place
Volume42
Early online date8 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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