Gestational diabetes

Leanne K. Piper, Zoe Stewart, Helen R. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as hyperglycaemia that is diagnosed for the first time in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. It occurs in 1 in 7 pregnancies worldwide and is associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome, in particular, infant birth weight that is large for gestational age, increased infant adiposity, preeclampsia and preterm delivery, and increased delivery by caesarean section. This review focuses on the controversy regarding screening and diagnosis of GDM following development of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) guidelines and the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) 2015 guidelines. It reviews the most recent research in to diet and exercise modification in prevention and management of GDM, pharmacological management and post-partum management to delay and/or prevent progression to type 2 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171–176
Number of pages6
JournalObstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine
Volume27
Issue number6
Early online date26 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • hyperglycaemia in pregnancy
  • pregnancy complications
  • screening
  • large for gestational age
  • blood glucose
  • Pregnancy

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