Ghetto formation and armed resistance in East St. Louis, Illinois

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This article explores African American armed resistance during the 1917 East St. Louis race riot in the context of black migration and ghetto formation. In particular it considers the significance of the development of the black urban community, composed of an emerging working class and a dynamic, militant and increasingly influential middle class. It was that community which came under attack by white mobs in 1917, and this work illuminates the infrastructure of resistance in the city, showing how African Americans drew upon the resources of the nascent ghetto and older traditions of self-defence to protect their homes and families.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-467
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of American Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

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