Incidence et causes des blessures par piqûre d'aiguille aux niveaux mondial, régional et national: revue systématique et méta-analyse

Translated title of the contribution: Global, regional and national incidence and causes of needlestick injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Zahra Hosseinipalangi, Zahra Golmohammadi, Ahmad Ghashghaee, Niloofar Ahmadi, Hossein Hosseinifard, Zahra Noorani Mejareh, Afsaneh Dehnad, Sepideh Aghalou, Ezat Jafarjalal, Aidin Aryankhesal, Sima Rafiei, Anahita Khajehvand, Mohammad Ahmadi Nasab, Fatemeh Pashazadeh Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are one of the most serious occupational hazards for healthcare workers (HCWs). Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and causes of NSIs globally. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of data from January 2000 to May 2020 collected from Scopus, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. The Newcastle–Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the included articles. The data obtained were analysed by R version 3/5/0, and 113 articles were retrieved. Results: There were 113 studies with a total of 525 798 HCWs. The incidence of NSIs was 43%. Africa had the highest rate of these injuries of 51%, and the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region had the highest incidence among WHO regions of 52%. Women were more frequently affected by NSIs than men. Hepatitis C virus infection was the disease most commonly transmitted via NSIs (21%). The highest rates of NSIs according to causes, devices, hospital locations, occupa-tions and procedures were for recapping of needles, needles, general wards, nurses and waste disposal, respectively. Conclusion: The incidence of NSIs is gradually decreasing. The findings of this study can contribute to improving the decision-making process for reducing NSIs in HCWs.

Translated title of the contributionGlobal, regional and national incidence and causes of needlestick injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • healthcare providers
  • healthcare workers
  • hospitals
  • needle-stick injuries
  • occupational harzard

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