Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part 1, spatial, temporal and seasonal details

PD Jones, KR Briffa

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In Part 1, we review the uncertainties associated with combining land and marine instrumental records to produce regional-average series. The surface air temperature of the world has warmed 0.5°C since the middle of the nineteenth century. The warming in the northern Hemisphere only occurred in winter, spring and autumn. Summers are now no warmer than in the 1860s and 1870s. The same half-degree warming is seen in all seasons in the Southern Hemisphere. Spatial patterns of temperature anomalies during two warm decades, the 1930s and 1980s, all vary from season to season. Temperatures during the 1980s were by far the warmest in the last 140 years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-179
Number of pages15
JournalThe Holocene
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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