Going with your gut: The (in)accuracy of forecast revisions in a football score prediction game

Carl Singleton, J. James Reade, Alasdair Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


This paper studies 150 individuals who each chose to forecast the outcome of 380 fixed events, namely all football matches during the 2017/18 season of the English Premier League. The focus is on whether revisions to these forecasts before the matches began improved the likelihood of predicting correct scorelines and results. Against what theory might expect, we show how these revisions tended towards significantly worse forecasting performance, suggesting that individuals should have stuck with their initial judgements, or their ‘gut instincts’. This result is robust to both differences in the average forecasting ability of individuals and the predictability of matches. We find evidence this is because revisions to the forecast number of goals scored in football matches are generally excessive, especially when these forecasts were increased rather than decreased.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101502
JournalJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
Early online date16 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Cite this