Golgi reassembly stacking protein 55 interacts with membrane‐type (MT) 1‐matrix metalloprotease (MMP) and furin and plays a role in the activation of the MT1‐MMP zymogen

Christian Roghi, Louise Jones, Matthew Gratian, William R English, Gillian Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a proteinase involved in the remodelling of extracellular matrix and the cleavage of a number of substrates. MT1-MMP is synthesized as a zymogen that requires intracellular post-translational cleavage to gain biological activity. Furin, a member of the pro-protein convertase family, has been implicated in the proteolytic removal of the MT1-MMP prodomain sequence. In the present study, we demonstrate a role for the peripheral Golgi matrix protein GRASP55 in the furin-dependent activation of MT1-MMP. MT1-MMP and furin were found to co-localize with Golgi reassembly stacking protein 55 (GRASP55). Further analysis revealed that GRASP55 associated with the cytoplasmic domain of both proteases and that the LLY573 motif in the MT1-MMP intracellular domain was crucial for the interaction with GRASP55. Overexpression of GRASP55 was found to enhance the formation of a complex between MT1-MMP and furin. Finally, we report that disruption of the interaction between GRASP55 and furin led to a reduction in pro-MT1-MMP activation. Taken together, these data suggest that GRASP55 may function as an adaptor protein coupling MT1-MMP with furin, thus leading to the activation of the zymogen.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3158-3175
Number of pages18
JournalFEBS Journal
Volume277
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

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