Green innovation ecosystem and water performance in the food service industry: The effects of environmental management controls and digitalization

Fabricia Silva da Rosa, Lorenzo Compagnucci, Rogério João Lunkes, Januario Monteiro

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Based on the theory of innovation ecosystems (IEs) and the literature on environmental management controls (EMCs), this study examines the effects of green innovation ecosystems (GIEs), EMCs, and digitalization on the water performance of firms in the food service industry (FSI). In this context, the moderating role of technology sensing/response (TSR) is explored. Surveying 245 managers in large Brazilian restaurants, the hypotheses are tested through partial least squares structural equation modeling. The findings reveal that the GIE positively influences digitalization and the use of both diagnostic and interactive EMCs. Additionally, the results demonstrate not only that interactive EMCs improve water performance but also that a high level of TSR increases the impact of diagnostic EMCs on water performance. This study therefore advances the literature by illustrating how cooperation between FSI firms and multiagents provides competences and resources that facilitate the implementation of digital tools and EMCs to achieve sustainability outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5459-5476
Number of pages18
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Issue number8
Early online date23 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • digitalization
  • environmental management controls
  • food service industry
  • green innovation ecosystems
  • technology sensing/response
  • water performance

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